Socio-legal Reports

Socio-legal Reports

Challenges of Religious Accommodation in Family-Law, Labor-Law and Legal Regulation of Public Space and Public Funding. United Kingdom Socio-Legal Research Report

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Author(s): 
Ashraf-ul Hoque & Prakash Shah (Queen Mary, University of London)
Publication: 
Socio-legal Report - UK
Abstract: 

This report presents a selection of results from the sociological survey conducted as part of the RELIGARE project during 2011. It reveals the views of opinion formers interviewed as part of the survey. Interview participants included members of religious organisations, individuals who work in official and semi-official capacities connected to religious issues in general, a judge, a member of the British House of Lords, members of the press, and public intellectuals. See Annex I for a list of interviewees. This report first presents a background to ethno-religious diversity, starting with a brief history of recent immigration into Britain, and the current picture of ethno-religious diversity, including the role of the Census. It then provides a brief legal context explaining the relevance of the anti-discrimination and human rights legislation and a short discussion of legal pluralism in the UK. The interview results are then presented according to the areas of importance for each of the Work packages: 3 Family, 4 Workplace, 5 Public Space, and 6 State Support.

Challenges of Religious Accommodation in Family-law, Labour-law and Legal Regulation of Public Space and Public Funding. Bulgarian Socio-Legal Research Report

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Author(s): 
Maya Grekova, Iva Kyurkchieva, Maya Kosseva (IMIR)
Publication: 
Socio-legal Report - Bulgaria
Abstract: 

The objective of this report is to examine the main tensions in contemporary Bulgarian society concerning the intertwining of religion and secularism. These tensions are manifested in the relations between the secular nation state on the one hand, and different religious organizations and individuals professing various religions on the other.

 

The study combines a presentation of the national historical context, an overview of the relevant legislation and an analysis of the current social debates based on socio-anthropological fieldwork. The central tensions in the Bulgarian case coincide with the main issues of RELIGARE project: family law, labour law, public and private space (religious private schools, places of worship, religious dress code), state-religion relations, and state funding for religious organisations. The examined topics are presented according to the descending order of their intensity in the Bulgarian public discussions.

Challenges of Religious Accommodation in Family-Law, Labor-Law and Legal Regulation of Public Space and Public Funding. Turkish Socio-Legal Research Report

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Author(s): 
Tuğba Tanyeri-Erdemir, Muharrem Erdem, Theresa Weitzhofer-Yurtışık (METU)
Publication: 
Socio-legal Report - Turkey
Abstract: 

The main contribution of this work is to underline the tensions and different viewpoints, which help transcend the picture of a homogeneous Muslim Turkish society that is often represented in Turkish state discourse. Furthermore, this study sheds light on argumentations of advocates of restrictions on religion as well as defendents of a more liberal stance of the state towards religion. It argues that these can only be understood against the historical background of the Republic of Turkey and by taking into account the differential treatment of different religious groups by the state as well as the sharp discrepancy between official rights and their implementation in practice, which is more than often random, depending more on personal relations and preferences than on the constitutional principle of equal citizenship.

Challenges of Religious Accommodation in Family-Law, Labor-Law and Legal Regulation of Public Space and Public Funding. French Socio-Legal Research Report

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Author(s): 
Franck FREGOSI (PRISME / University of Strasbourg) & Deniz KOSULU (Institute of Political Studies of Aix-en-Provence)
Publication: 
Socio-legal Report - France
Abstract: 

The religious diversity that characterizes French contemporary society, within a high degree of secularization, reveals in this society, probably more than elsewhere, how much the issue of the place of religion sui generis, and of religious minorities in particular, remains a particularly sensitive issue; it refers to what was the struggle for “laïcité” at the beginning of the last century and is also connected with more recent debates on multiculturalism, on without neglecting the issue of the memories of colonial times.

Facing this situation, is it time to rethink the relationship between secular law and religious changing society?

 

-Are several accommodations with the new religious issues in Family Law and Labor, or in Regulation of Public Space or Public funding about to be put on the political agenda?

 

-Or, at the opposite, shall we assist to reinforcement of secular law refusing any evolution and taking into account the aims of religious communities?

Challenges of Religious Accommodation in Family-Law, Labor-Law and Legal Regulation of Public Space and Public Funding. Danish Socio-Legal Research Report

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Author(s): 
Niels Valdemar Vinding & Lisbet Christoffersen (Centre for European Islamic Thought, University of Copenhagen)
Publication: 
Socio-legal Report - Denmark
Abstract: 

Danish research on law and religion traditionally takes its point of departure in state-church-religion relations. Empirically, religion functions intertwined or entangled with public life as civil religion. But also in private life, religious rites are entwined into family life, and consequently still nearly 80% of the Danes are baptized members of the Danish national church, folkekirken, even though they at the same time are among  the most secularized people in the world. Normatively, religion is in the same time understood as narrowly related to precisely such public events and personal rituals.

Challenges of Religious Accommodation in Family-law, Labour-law and Legal Regulation of Public Space and Public Funding. Dutch Socio-Legal Research Report

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Author(s): 
Floris Vermeulen (University of Amsterdam)
Publication: 
Socio-legal Report - The Netherlands
Abstract: 

The interviews carried out for this report indicate an emerging framework in the Netherlands consisting of elements of individual liberalism, anti-discrimination legislation, visions on human rights and equal treatment that is used and proclaimed to make decisions in religious conflicts. This obviously leaves less room for reasonable accommodation when conflicts arise and leads to more heated conflicts between religious groups and secular models. However, the effect of this differs per domain.

Reasonable accommodation of religious claims in Europe? Basic tensions and socio-legal debates

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Author(s): 
Floris Vermeulen & Veit Bader (University of Amsterdam)
Publication: 
Socio-legal Report
Abstract: 

One aspect of the RELIGARE project is devoted to a socio-legal investigation on, in particular, the interaction between ‘secular and religious’ values in a context of increasing cultural diversity in Europe. The emerging conflicts may be between religious groups and public authorities, but can also occur within and among different religious groups as well as secular (organized or otherwise) groups. The conflicts of interest in this research result from inherent basic tensions in and between the principles, norms and basic rights of liberal-democratic constitutionalism.

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